Washington – Most Possible Cause A series of mysterious sorrows The radiofrequency energy of American spies and diplomats who have been ill abroad over the past several years, a type of radiation that includes microwaves, has concluded in a report by the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine.
The findings were cited by a committee of 19 experts in medicine and other fields as “directed, pulsed radiofrequency energy” as the “most admirable mechanism to explain the disease”, known as Havana syndrome, although he Said they could not rule out, according to a copy of the report obtained by The New York Times, that other possible causes and that secondary factors may have contributed to the symptoms.
The report, which was commissioned by the State Department, provides the most definitive account yet of the strange disease occurring in 2016 at the US Embassy in Havana, and then on scores of government employees in China and other countries. Many officers suffered from dizziness, fatigue, headaches, and loss of hearing, memory and balance, and some were forced into permanent retirement.
CIA officials visiting foreign stations also experienced similar symptoms, The Times and GQ magazine Reported in october. Officials were traveling with foreign intelligence agencies to counter Russia’s covert operations, a fact that raises suspicions that Moscow is behind the apodode.
However, in careful, scientific language, the new report provides strong evidence that the incidents were the result of a malicious attack. This indicates diseases “directed” and “pulsed” – rather than “sustained” – energy, meaning that contact with the victims was targeted and not the result of more common sources of microwave energy, e.g. , a cell phone.
The committee also said that patients showed immediate symptoms, including pain, pressure, and strange sensations of sound, often seen emanating from a particular direction, or at a specific location in a room – a directed ” Were more consistent with the attack “” of radiofrequency energy.
The committee considered other causes, such as chemical exposure and infectious diseases, but said they appeared unlikely.
The report noted that the variability of events, which affect different people in different ways, left open the potential impact of “social and social factors”. And it has been said that some of the sufferers may experience a condition known as “persistent post-longitudinal dizziness”, a nervous system disorder that causes prolonged dizziness or feelings of instability.
The episode has been the subject of much speculation and controversy. Many of the victims, as well as some government officials and external scientists, Arguing for a long time That radiofrequency energy was the most likely cause, possibly the result of a weapon made by a foreign power.
But since 2018, the US government has publicly refused to speculate on matters, and some scientists have promoted alternative theories, such as the one of a kind Psychological illness That spread in the tense atmosphere of foreign missions.
Amid controversy and confusion, some aggrieved officials have complained that the United States has failed to support them. Officials said that in many cases, the government initially refused to be discharged and provided necessary medical care. And as the government kept quiet at the prospect of a foreign attack, many victims were left feeling that the public believed they had accomplished it.
Many of the victims is charged Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and other Trump administration officials downplayed the issue in an attempt to avoid disrupting international relations. Now they ask that President Elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. and his candidate for secretary of state Antony j. Blinken, Will respond, especially given the new scientific findings.
The State Department reported the report to some Congress officials and others on Thursday and Friday and told them not to share it, as lawmakers pressured the agency for months to release the report. The Times and NBC News received separate reports on Friday, and NBC First conclusion reported.
“We are delighted that this report is now out and can add to the data and analysis that can help us reach a final conclusion,” the State Department said in a statement on Saturday.
The department also said that “each possible cause remains speculation” and various factors, including the committee’s lack of access to certain information due to potential safety concerns, “limit the scope of the report,” although “they value it.” Don’t reduce it. ” “
For the Trump administration, recognizing that the events were the result of a foreign attack, US missions in China may need to be evacuated, disrupting an important economic relationship. The administration adopted a tougher approach in Cuba, aligned with its larger goal of diplomatic inauguration of Havana President Barack Obama.
Russia or President Vladimir V. The question of Moscow’s potential culpability is a thorny one, given the sensitivity surrounding President Trump on any matter involving Putin. Moscow has denied any role, and the CIA director, Gina Haspel, has not concluded that the Kremlin was responsible. But some CIA analysts who specialize in Russia, diplomats and scientists, say the evidence points to Moscow, which has a long history of experimenting with technology.
The report does not point to a culprit, although it does refer to “significant research in Russia / USSR” on pulsed radiofrequency technology, as well as exposure of military personnel to microwave radiation in Eurasian communist countries. the Soviet Union Bombed the US embassy In the 1970s and 80s in Moscow with microwaves. In a 2014 documentThe National Security Agency discussed a microwave weapon used by a hostile country, which people familiar with the document said was Russia.
Mark Lenzi, a diplomatic security officer who suffered from symptoms while working in Guangzhou, China in early 2018, said his staff’s administration’s treatment, which included “denying inconvenient scientific and medical facts”, included . He got angry in his own government compared to the government that injured him.
“My government looked the other way when they knew that me and my family were injured,” he said. “This report is just the beginning and when the American people know that this administration has a full extent of cover up of radiofrequency attacks in China, they will be particularly offended.”
Mr. Lenzi has sued the State Department for disability discrimination. The conduct of the State Council has been the Office of the Special Counsel to investigate two cases.
Some family members of affected US government employees also fell ill abroad, including Mr. Lenzi’s wife. And at least 14 Canadian citizens In Havana he said that he had experienced similar symptoms.
The National Academies report also warns about the possibility of future events and the ability of the US government to detect them, or to react. The fact that US public servants reported victims not only in Cuba and China, but also in Russia and other countries, raises questions about how widespread the incidents may be.
Stanford University Professor Drs. David Rillman, who led the committee, wrote in a preface to the report that the committee was not in a position to assess “specific scenarios involving maleist actors”. Nevertheless, he said, “consideration of such a scenario only produces new tools to harm maleist actors and others seriously anxious about one world.”
The report recommends that the State Department work now to establish plans and protocols so that investigations can begin immediately if similar incidents occur in the future.
The report concludes, “The larger issue is poised for new and unknown threats, which could compromise the health and safety of American diplomats.” “The next event can spread even more across time and space, and is even more difficult to detect quickly.”
The panel stated that its findings were hampered by the government’s response to slow and uneven incidents, with different patients being evaluated by different methods and physicians at different points in their illness. It also said that the information made available to patients from China was “too sparse and fragmented to be able to draw any firm conclusions about these cases,” and therefore the report focuses on events surrounding the US embassy in Havana.
The scientists sent the report to the State Department in August and agency officials then subjected it to review. Lawmakers pressured the department to disclose the findings publicly, stating that its failure to release information with a pattern of secrecy and inaction by the Trump administration. Interviewed in October, Drs. Rillman criticized the department for not acting swiftly to release the report.
Some victims said at the time that the Trump administration was trying to avoid addressing its lack of protection for American public servants overseas, especially before the November elections. When asked about the illnesses by a reporter in late October, Mr. Pompeo did not refer to the report and said only the government was Unable to determine cause.
Many lawmakers have pressured the State Department to be more accountable and provide appropriate health and work compensation benefits to victims and all affected family members. Senator Jeanne Shaheen, a Democrat from New Hampshire, put a provision in the latest defense budget bill on long-term gains that Congress expects to pass this month, although Mr. Trump has threatened to veto the measure for reasons for the provision.
Ms. Shaheen said, “Their illnesses and sufferings are real and demand a response from Congress.” “While encouraged by the progress I am seeing, much must be done to uncover the source of these incidents and ensure that no other public servant suffers in this way.”
Julian E. Barnes Contributed to reporting.