Immunized Americans, start collecting unmask (but start small)

Federal health officials on Monday told millions of Americans now vaccinated against coronovirus that they could again embrace some long-denied freedom, such as in small groups at home without masks or social disturbances Gathering, offering a glimpse into the next phase of the epidemic. .

Recommendations, From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, arrived almost a year after the virus spread to the country and Americans were warned against the gatherings for fear of spreading the new pathogen.

Now the agency has good news for long-separated families and individuals struggling with pandemic isolation: vaccinated grandparents can once again visit adult children and grandchildren under certain circumstances, even if they Be untouched Adults vaccinated may begin planning a mask-free diet with vaccinated friends.

As Cases and deaths occur nationwide, Some state officials are running to reopen businesses and schools; Governors in Texas and Mississippi have taken out a statewide facade mandate. Federal health officials have repeatedly warned against loosening restrictions too early, fearing that the moves could set the stage for a fourth surge of infections and deaths.

The new recommendations are intended to bring Americans on a more vigilant path with clear boundaries for safe behavior, while acknowledging that most countries are insecure and that many scientific questions remain unanswered.

The director of the CDC, Drs. Rochelle P. “As more Americans are vaccinated, a growing body of evidence now tells us that some people who have been fully vaccinated may resume themselves at a lower risk,” Wallenski said. Conference of the House on Monday.

On Thursday, President Biden will make his first prime-time television address, focusing on the first anniversary of the beginning of the epidemic and the role of “bringing the country back to normal” as “the role of Americans”, Jane Jane Saki, at the White House Press Will be highlighted. The secretary told reporters on Monday.

As of Monday, 60 million Americans At least one dose of the Kovid-19 vaccine was found, And about 31.3 million were fully vaccinated, according to a database maintained by The New York Times. Providers are managing an average of about 2.17 million doses per day.

Mr. Biden has promised that by the end of May there will be an adequate dose for every American adult. CDC officials on Monday encouraged people to vaccinate with the first available vaccine, stressing that “vaccines are highly effective at preventing severe Kovid-19 disease, hospitalization, and death.”

Despite the rapid vaccination pace, the epidemic will not last overnight, experts said, praising the CDC recommendations for detail and scientific grounding.

“It’s not switching on and off,” said Dr. Carlos Del Rio, vice president of the Society of Infectious Diseases Society of America. “It’s like turning a faucet – you slowly start closing the faucet.”

Still, “this is welcome news,” he said. “This is the first time they are saying that you can do something, as opposed to saying whatever you cannot do. it is too big.”

The new guidelines provide much-needed advice to individuals who are still reluctant to resume post-vaccination, said Vale Wright, senior director of health care innovation at the American Psychological Association.

Dr. Wright cited research soon to be published from the American Psychological Association, saying that about half are concerned about re-entering normal life in adults, 44 percent of whom have been fully vaccinated. “What drives that uneasiness is the level of uncertainty,” she said.

“It is very difficult to know what is safe and what is not safe. When we can get people some of the science-informed information – ‘Here’s what you can do, but we still recommend doing so’ – it will help people make informed decisions about keeping them and their families safe. Need to be taken. “

In the new guidance, federal health officials advised that fully vaccinated Americans could assemble in private homes in small groups, along with other fully vaccinated people in the home, without masks or distensions.

They can gather in a private house without masks with unsupervised people or disturb them for so long as the single house is occupied by unqualified people and all members are at low risk for developing critical illness. , They should contract the virus.

For example, vaccinated grandparents may travel with healthy adult children and healthy grandchildren without masks or physical distance.

Asked if family members are kissing and should be vaccinated. Throat children and grandchildren are not vaccinated, Dr. Del Rio said yes but advised caution: “I will not use it excessively.”

The CDCC said that in public areas and in places such as restaurants or gyms, vaccinated people should wear masks, maintain social distance, and take other precautions, such as avoiding poorly ventilated places, covering coughs and sneezes and often on their own Washing hands

The CDC’s advice is aimed at Americans who have been fully vaccinated, meaning at least two weeks have passed since they received a second dose of Pfizer-BioNotech or Modern Vaccine, or a single dose of the Johnson & Johnson Vaccine is.

What is safe for Americans with new vaccines and their unqualified neighbors and family members is because in large part there has been uncertainty Scientists have not yet understood whether and how often immunized people can still transmit the virus.. If they can, masking and other precautions are still needed in some settings to control the virus, researchers have said.

The CDC said on Monday that research has indicated that people who are fully vaccinated are less likely to have asymptomatic infections and “likely to infect the virus that other people are exposed to in Kovid-19 Causes. ” Nevertheless, the agency did not rule out the possibility that they might inadvertently transmit the virus.

There is also uncertainty as to how well the vaccines protect against new variants of the virus that are more infectious and possibly more viral, as well as how long the vaccine lasts. Some variants carry mutations that seem to blunt the body’s immune response.

The CDC advised that vaccinated Americans are not required to avoid exposure to the virus or to be tested, unless they develop symptoms of infection. If they do so, they should isolate themselves, be tested if possible and talk to their doctors.

Vaccinated Americans should not gather with disqualified people from more than one household, and continue to avoid large and medium-sized ceremonies. (The agency did not specify what the size of the large or medium-sized gathering is.)

Guidance is slightly different for fully vaccinated residents of group homes and unaffiliated individuals, who must continue to quarantine for 14 days and be tested whether they are exposed to the virus, as there is a greater risk of transmission in such settings is.

Vaccinated workers in high-density settings, like meatpacking plants, do not require quarantine after exposure to coronovirus, but testing is recommended.

The CDC did not modify its travel recommendations, recommending that all Americans stay indoors, unless necessary. Dr. Wallensky said virus cases have increased each time travel has increased.

“We’re really trying to rein in the journey,” she said. “And we hope that the next set of our guidance will have more science for the people around, who can get vaccinated, maybe travel between them.”

The new guidelines clearly detail the rewards of vaccination and the assistant professor of global health and social medicine at Harvard Medical School, Drs. Rebecca Weintraub said that the demand for vaccination is likely to motivate more Americans and prevent the inhibition of vaccination.

“You can resume an activity that many people are longing for – being in close proximity with the people they love, in small gatherings where you can see each other and each other. Can embrace, “Dr. Ventrab said.

“It has been well studied that expectancy is an important component of happiness,” she said. “These guidelines help each person to have a happy future for the vaccine. As a physician and vaccineer, I am thrilled. “

Noah Weiland contributed reporting.

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