Key moments on Day 14 of the Derek Chauvin Trial

Prosecution and defense relaxed their cases in Derek Chauvin’s trial on Thursday, ending the testimony, which Mr. Chauvin’s lawyers have focused efforts to explain in recent times Jewelers that George Floyd was not killed by Mr. Chauvin’s antics.

Judge Peter Cahill told the jury, “The evidence for this case is now complete.” After that, gamblers will be kept in a hotel until they reach a verdict (or come to an impasse in their deliberations).

Here are some key moments from recent testimony and discussion in court.

Mr. Chauvin on Thursday called for his Fifth Amendment not to testify in his defense before the trial of litigants to close the lawsuits.

Mr. Chauvin’s attorney, Eric J. Nelson, asked Mr. Chauvin if he would like to testify in his defense.

Mr Nelson said that he and Mr Chauvin had repeated talks on the matter, including a “lengthy meeting” on Wednesday night. Mr. Chauvin, who removed his mask to answer Mr. Nelson’s questions, decided to waive his right to testify.

He said, “I will call my fifth amendment today.”

Judge Peter A. Cahill also instructed Mr. Chauvin that he would give it to the jury before starting the deliberations. The judge will instruct the jurors that Mr. Chauvin does not have the right to testify and cannot give Mr. Chauvin’s decision to testify against him.

Dr. Martin J. Tobin, a prosecuting medical expert, returned to the stand on Thursday as a rebel witness for the state, with the final testimony given by the gamblers at the trial of Derek Chauvin.

Dr. Tobin, a pulmonologist who testified last week, was brought back by prosecutors to present a counter opinion to the testimony given yesterday by Dr. David Fowler, former Chief Medical Examiner of Maryland. Dr. Flower said he believed that George Floyd died of a cardiac arrhythmia, which was caused by a number of factors, including heart disease, drug use and possibly carbon monoxide poisoning.

Dr. During Fowler’s testimony, he admitted that he had not seen any testing of Mr. Floyd’s blood that showed carbon monoxide poisoning, but said he believed Mr. Floyd’s carboxymoglobin, carbon monoxide, and hemoglobin The combination may increase by 10. 18 percent because it was banned near the exit pipe of a police squad car.

Dr. Tobin said during his rebuttal testimony that Mr Floyd’s death was “wrong” due to carbon monoxide. Dr. Tobin said tests conducted by Hennepin County after his death showed that Mr. Floyd had 98 percent oxygen saturation.

This means that the maximum amount of carboxyhemoglobin in their blood cannot exceed 2 percent, he said, which is “within the normal range”.

Expert witness Dr. David Fowler, summoned by Mr. Chauvin’s defense team, said Wednesday that cardiac arrhythmia was the primary cause of Mr. Floyd’s death, building on the defense’s argument that Mr. Floyd’s death should not be blamed on a police officer.

Among the myriad factors that have been documented – Mr. Floyd’s increased heart, drug use, carbon monoxide, and the “stressful situation” in which he was restrained – Dr. Maryland’s former chief medical examiner, Dr. Fowler stated that he was Mr. Would classify Floyd’s death. “Undetermined” rather than a murder.

“At some point the heart has exhausted its reserves of metabolic supplies and has gone into a arrhythmia and has stopped pumping blood,” he testified.

Dr. Fowler also argued that carbon monoxide exposure caused m. It may have contributed to Floyd’s death as his face was towards the rear exit pipe of the police car while officers knocked him down. This was the first mention of a possible carbon monoxide poisoning in the test.

He said that exposure to any carbon monoxide may have “the ability to carry excess oxygen”. But Dr. Fowler admitted that no record of Mr. Floyd’s blood was ever tested for carbon monoxide.

During the cross-examination, Drs. Fowler said he did not look at the emissions data from the car or look at the car in person and the autopsy did not mention carbon monoxide poisoning.

Dr. Fowler said he eliminated asphyxia as the cause of death, refuting the argument made by the prosecution. After citing several studies which found that the prone position is usually not dangerous, Drs. Fowler said the position and weight of Mr. Chauvin’s knee on Mr. Floyd’s neck did not injure him. The prosecution later raised questions about the reliability of the study’s findings.

He said the absence of injuries on his body indicated that “the amount of force applied to Mr. Floyd was less than enough to injure him,” he said.

During the cross-examination, Drs. Fowler acknowledged that while the studies did not mimic Mr. Floyd’s position and that no test was run for more than nine minutes, Mr. Floyd was pinned to the ground.

The defense has given Dr. Fowler was shown a static photo from a police body camera showing Dr. Fowler said that it appeared that Mr. Floyd had a white object in his mouth. Mr. Nelson speculated that the white material may be partial bullets found in the car.

But during the cross-examination, Jerry Blackwell, a prosecuting attorney, showed footage from inside Cup Foods, showing Mr. Floyd chewing a similar-looking white object. Dr. Fowler agreed that it looked similar and admitted that he could not say that the white object was a bullet.

Mr. Blackwell gave Drs. Fowler asked if he thought Mr. Floyd should take life-saving measures.

“As a physician, I agree,” Dr. Fowler said.

Morris Lester Hall, Who was in a car with George Floyd outside of Cup Foods in Minneapolis, when police drove Mr. Floyd out of the car and later ground him for more than nine minutes, calling for his Fifth Amendment Right to Suicide He was called to testify on Wednesday.

Mr. Hall’s lawyer, Adrienne Cajins, said that testifying about his actions, or about being in a vehicle with Mr. Floyd on May 25, could potentially discriminate him.

“If he puts himself in that car, he exposes the charges leveled at himself,” Ms. Cousins ​​said Wednesday, noting that the car was found in two searches.

Judge Peter A. Cahil called his argument valid, Mr. Hall accepted his Fifth Amendment rights.

Judge Cahill ordered Derek Chauvin’s lawyer to draft a narrow list of questions that Mr. Hall might be able to answer without discriminating himself. In the interrogation of Shawanda Hill on Tuesday, who m. While he was in the car with Floyd, when he was arrested, the defense expected to inquire about Mr. Floyd’s vengeance and behavior to emphasize his reasoning before the arrest that the drug overdose caused his death.

But Ms. Cousins ​​said she even had the ability to answer questions that she had to provoke, and Judge Cahill agreed.

In his testimony, Mr. Floyd’s ex-girlfriend, Cortney Ross, stated that she and Mr. Floyd had purchased drugs from Mr. Hall the previous day.

Mr. Hall appeared in body camera footage during the entire trial, and on Tuesday, newly released footage showed him standing with Ms. Hill after being taken by Mr. Floyd to officers.

According to a Minnesota official, Mr. Hall gave officers a misnomer at the scene of Floyd’s arrest. At the time, he had outstanding warrants for his arrest on possession of a firearms, felony, domestic violence and drug possession for felony.

Mr. Hall was a longtime friend of Mr. Floyd. Both Houston natives, they connected in Minneapolis through a pastor and had been in contact every day since 2016, Mr. Hall said in an interview with The Times last year. Mr. Hall said he considered Mr. Floyd a confidant and mentor, like many in the community.

On Tuesday, Barry Brodd, a former police officer and use-force expert, testified to the defense that Mr. Chauvin’s use of force against Mr. Floyd was justified – two weeks of prosecution witnesses coping Protest.

“I felt that Derek Chauvin was justified, and was working with purpose after the Minneapolis Police Department’s current standards of policy and law enforcement, in his conversations with Mr. Floyd,” he said.

Mr. Brodd, who has nearly 30 years of law enforcement experience and specializes in police and civil security matters, is referred to Graham Vs ConnorIn a 1989 Supreme Court case in which judges ruled that an officer’s use of force must be “purposefully justified”, but “police officers are often forced to make split-second decisions” – in such circumstances Which are tense, uncertain and rapidly evolving – about the amount of force required in a particular situation. “

Officers must respond to imminent threats, Mr. Brode said, which requires a police officer to “have a reasonable fear that someone may strike you, stab you, shoot you.”

To judge cases of the use of force, Mr. Brode said he considered whether an officer justified detaining a person, how the person responded to the officer – compliance with resistance or with varying degrees of resistance – and whether there is correlation with the force of the officer. Level of resistance.

Mr. Brode stated that Mr. Chauvin’s use of force was appropriate for Mr. Floyd’s level of resistance, and that the officers would have been justified in using more force.

“Police officers do not need to fight impartially,” he said. “They allow you to overcome your resistance by going up one level.”

Mr. Brode said that the officers used the force when they took out Mr. Floyd was dragged from the police car and onto the ground, but he ministered. Did not consider placing Floyd in a prone position, with his back handcuffed behind his wrist. use of force. When later questioned by the prosecution, he amended the claim, stating that the officers at the helm of the position and Mr. Floyd may have caused pain to him and therefore qualified as use of force.

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