American relations with china Worst because countries normalized relations four decades ago. America’s allies in Europe Are isolated. Most Important Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Expiring With Russia. Iran is enriching nuclear fuel again, and North Korea is branding its nuclear arsenal.
Global warming, refugee crisis and Terrible famine Some of the poorest places on Earth, exacerbated by epidemics.
President-Elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. inherits a scenario of challenges and ill will towards the United States in hostile countries for President Trump’s “America First” mantra, his unpredictability, embrace of autocratic leaders and resistance to international cooperation. Mr. Biden could also have difficulties dealing with governments that expected Mr. Trump’s re-election – notably Israel and Saudi Arabia, which share the president’s deep disagreement toward Iran.
But Mr. Biden’s past as head of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and vice-president in the Obama administration has given him a familiarity with international affairs that could work to his advantage, foreign policy experts who know him would call him Huh.
“President Trump has lowered the bar so much that it won’t take much to dramatically change the perception,” said Robert gardenerChief Executive of the International Crisis Group and a former advisor in the Obama White House. “Saying some things Trump has said – to back the tapes on multilateralism, climate change, human rights – would sound very loud and important.”
The most pressing foreign policy areas the Biden administration will face are:
US-China relations challenge
The deterioration of relations with China, economic superpower and geopolitical rival Mr. Trump has called for several new Cold Wars. Disputes over trade, the South China Sea, Hong Kong, Taiwan and technology have metastasized during Mr. Trump’s term, with his critics saying the president has deteriorated Racist declarations China infected the world with coronovirus and Should be held accountable.
“China is like the radioactive core of US foreign policy issues,” said Orville schellDirector of the Center for Asia Society on US-China Relations.
Mr. Biden did not necessarily help himself with his negative portrayal of China and its authoritarian leader, President Xi Jinping, during the 2020 campaign. The two were once seen as developing a friendly relationship during the Obama years. But Mr. Biden, perhaps acting partly to counter Mr. Trump’s allegations that he would be lenient to China, recently called him Xi A “the con.”
Middle East: Changes on Israel, Saudi Arabia and Iran?
Mr. Biden has vowed to reverse what he said “Dangerous Failure” In Mr. Trump’s Iran policy, which repealed the 2015 nuclear deal and tightened sanctions in its place, causing deep economic damage in Iran and leaving the United States To a large extent isolated on this issue.
Mr. Biden has offered to restart the agreement, which would curb Iran’s nuclear capabilities if Tehran complies with its provisions and is committed to further negotiations. He has also promised to end Mr. Trump immediately travel ban Influencing Iran and many other Muslim-majority countries.
Whether Mr. Biden’s approach would accept Iran’s hierarchy is unclear. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran’s supreme leader, has said that the United States is unreliable, regardless of whoever is in the White House. At the same time, “Iran is desperate for a deal,” said Cliff KupchanPresident of the Eurasia Group, a political risk consultancy.
Nevertheless, Mr. Kupchan said, Mr. Biden would face enormous difficulties in any negotiations with Iran, which aim to tighten restrictions on its nuclear activities – which Mr. Trump cited as justifying the renunciation of the nuclear deal.
“The substance will be tough – we’ve seen this film and it’s not easy,” Mr. Kupachan said. “I think Biden’s challenge is that it won’t be a flying end on his face.”
Mr. Biden’s Iran policy could alienate Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who took advantage of Mr. Trump’s confrontational approach to help strengthen Israel’s ties with the Gulf countries, by generalization Diplomatic relations with the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain. How Mr. Biden manages relations with Saudi Arabia, Who considers Iran as an enemy, There will also be a challenge.
Mr. Kupachan said, “There is a very difficult class to surround here”.
Mr. Trump’s highly favorable treatment of Israel in conflict with the Palestinians may also prove to be pure as Mr. Biden makes a different route to the Middle East. He has criticized Israel’s settlement construction in the occupied lands for the future status of the Palestinians. And he is likely to restore contact with the Palestinian leadership.
“Israeli columnist, Yossi Werter,” Benjamin Netanyahu can expect an uneasy period of adjustment. Written in Haaretz newspaper on Friday.
At the same time, Mr. Biden also has a history of cordial relations with Mr. Netanyahu. Mr. Biden has said He won’t reverse Mr. Trump’s relocation of the US Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem – a resettlement that deeply enrages Palestinians.
Improving relations with Europe and navigating Brexit
While Mr Trump has often defied the EU and strongly encouraged the boycott of Britain, Mr Biden has expressed the opposite position. Like former President Barack Obama, he supported close US relations with block leaders and opposed Brexit.
Mr. Biden’s ascent could prove Strange, especially for UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson Who Trump was embraced and was counting on achieving a trade deal with the US, before his country’s divorce took full effect. Mr biden Can not be in a hurry to complete such an agreement.
While many Europeans would be happy to see Mr. Trump go, he said that the damage he has done to America’s credibility will not be erased easily.
“We had differences of opinion, but there was never a basic mistrust of the world’s common ideas,” Grow Harlem BrundlandFormer Prime Minister of Norway told New York Times last month. In the last four years, she said, European leaders had learned that they “can’t take it anymore that they can trust America, even on various things.”
North Korea faces nuclear threat
Mr. Trump has described his friendship and three visits with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, As a breakthrough War with nuclear-armed deceptive country averted. But critics say Mr. Trump’s approach not only failed to convince Mr. Kim to abandon his arsenal of nuclear weapons and missiles, but it bought Mr. Kim to bolster them. The answer was unveiled last month which appeared to be The largest intercontinental ballistic missile.
“On Trump’s watch, the North’s nuclear weapons program has accelerated, its missile capabilities have expanded, and Pyongyang can now target the United States with ICBMs,” Evans JR Revere, A former State Department official and expert on North Korea. “This is the legacy that Trump will soon pass on to Biden, and it will be a heavy burden.”
Mr. Biden, described by North Korea’s official news agency as one Mad dog that “should be beaten to death with a stick” Has criticized Mr. Trump’s approach as appeasing a dictator. Mr. Biden has said that he will Press for nuclearization and “stand with South Korea,” But it did not specify how it would deal with North Korea’s militancy.
A tough approach for Russia and Putin
Mr. Biden has long claimed that he would take a much tighter line with Russia than Mr. Trump, who questioned NATO’s usefulness, doubting intelligence warnings on Russia’s interference in US elections, President Vladimir V. Praised Putin, and said that improving the Kremlin would benefit all in American relations. Mr Biden, who pushed for his sanctions against Ukraine in 2014 as vice-president for his annexation of the Crimea peninsula – The largest illegal land seizure in Europe since World War II – May want to extend those restrictions and take other punitive steps.
Although tensions with Russia are likely to escalate, arms control is one area where Mr. Biden and Mr. Putin aspire to progress. Mr Biden is sworn in a few weeks before the scheduled expiration of the 2010 New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. He said he wants Negotiate the extension of the treaty unconditionally.
Paris Agreement and a withdrawal to international commitments
Mr Biden has said that one of his first tasks as president would be to re-include the Paris Climate Agreement to limit global warming, Which the United States officially left under Mr. Trump on Wednesday. Mr. Biden also said he would restore American membership in the World Health Organization, which Mr. Trump reiterated in the midst of a coronovirus epidemic citing the WHO as lacking China.
More broadly, Mr. Biden is expected to reverse many of the separatist and anti-immigrant steps taken during the Trump administration, widely viewed by critics of Mr. Trump as an embarrassing stain on the American standing in the world. Mr. Biden has said he will end Mr. Trump’s immigration restrictions, stop construction of his border wall with Mexico, expand resources for immigrants and provide citizenship for people living illegally in the United States. Will provide the route.
However, many of Mr. Trump’s policies were heavily supported in the United States, and it remains to be seen how quickly or effectively Mr. Biden can replace him. The attacks that looted American democracy and Divisive election Mr. Biden has also expressed doubts about his ability to deliver his vows.
“There is relief on a return to a normal state of affairs, but at the same time, history cannot be erased,” said Jean-Marie Guenho, a French diplomat, a fellow in the Brookings Institution’s foreign policy program and Is a former Under Secretary General for Peace Operations at the United Nations. “The kind of soft power America has enjoyed in the past has evaporated to a great extent.”