In a postwar era with revolts, regional disputes, and Cold War conflicts surrounded by fears of an East-West nuclear confrontation, Mr. Akkhart was deployed and often in war zones in the Middle East, Congo, Southern Africa, with his lightly armed peacekeepers Led. Kashmir, Cyprus and other places. They sometimes failed to define explosive situations, but were often successful in reducing tensions and helping refugees.
Madeleine G. Kalb wrote, “The United Nations must have gone ashore a long time ago when it came to the world’s political system.” New York Times Magazine Profile In 1982 of Mr. Urquhart. “Yet the United Nations has unquestionably been a runaway success – establishing peace in conflicts where the vital interests of the great powers were not directly involved.”
As a crisis negotiator in the shooting wars, he was often in danger. In Congo in 1961, while trying to subjugate a separatist Katanga province, he was kidnapped, held for hours and beaten with rifles by rebel soldiers and beaten until the President of Katanga, Moise Tsombe did not intervene to save his life.
By 1986, when Mr. Urquhart retired, he had directed 13 peace operations, recruited 10,000 soldiers from 23 countries and established peace as one of the most visible and politically popular works of the United Nations. In an editorial, the New York Times honored him as a visionary soldier of peace.
“Mr. The editorial states that the Soviet Union and the United States may yet find it in their interests to join the Soviet Union and the United States to engage in peacekeeping operations.” As Mr. Urquhart reflects on serving his life In asking, “Why shouldn’t the lion sometimes linger with the lion instead of scaring all the lambs from their mutual enmity?”
The United Nations Peacekeeping Army won the 1988 Nobel Peace Prize.
Brian Edward Urquhart was born in the southwest of England, on February 28, 1919, in the city of Bridport, as one of the two sons of Murray and Bertha (Rendall) Urquhart. His father left the family when he was 7. Her mother taught at the Badminton School in Bristol and elsewhere in school with her brother Andrew, she enrolled Brian as the only boy among 200 girls. One of his classmates was Indira Nehru, who became the Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi.
He graduated from Westminster School in London in 1937. After two years at Oxford University, he joined the British Army in 1939 when World War II began. During training camp in 1942, his parachute partially failed in the last moments of the jump; He remembers seeing his “tulip shape” as he fell into a plow field. Seriously injured, he was told that he could never walk again. But within a year he resumed his unit and saw action in North Africa and Sicily.