BANGKOK – Myanmar’s military on Monday overthrew the country’s civilian leader by detaining him. Dao Aung San Suu Kyi, And his top lieutenant morning raids and seize power from a government established only five years ago.
The National League for Democracy officials, Ms Aung San Suu Kyi’s party, confirmed the detention on Monday morning. Hours later, politicians and activists alike raced to find out who had been detained, with a military television network transferred the army chief, Senior General Min Aung Helling, with the final authority for a year of emergency. Announced.
Mobile networks and the Internet were down in Myanmar’s major cities and some local journalists hid in fear that their reporting might compromise their security. According to residents, domestic flights were suspended and the main international airport in Yangon, Myanmar’s largest city, was closed.
Myanmar was celebrated as a rare case in which the generals delegated some power to the citizens while respecting the 2015 election results that entered the office of the National League for Democracy.
The party’s aristocrats spent years in prison for their political opposition to the army. Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi, patron saint of the political party, spent 15 years under house arrest and Won the Nobel Peace Prize In 1991 for his non-violent resistance to Janta which led to his closure.
But the army, now led by General Min Aung Hlaing, has maintained a significant lever of power in the country, and Monday’s detention, along with top government leaders, activists and other stalwart leaders, proved a lie in its commitment Democracy appeared for
In addition to Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi, those who were reported to be detained by their family, friends and colleagues included President Yoo Win Mint, cabinet ministers, chief ministers of many regions, opposition politicians, writers and activists.
“The doors opened to a different, almost certainly darker future,” said Thant Mint-yu, a Myanmar historian. “Myanmar is a country that is already at war, suffering in arms, able to feed itself to millions of people, divided across religious and ethnic lines.”
“It was a miracle to be able to make any progress towards democracy in the last decade,” he said. “I’m not sure that anyone will be able to control what’s coming forward.”
In a statement late Sunday night in Washington, a State Department spokesman said the Biden administration “urged the military and all other parties to follow democratic norms and the rule of law and release those detained today.” The United States has opposed any attempt to alter the results of the recent elections or disrupt Myanmar’s democratic transition, and will take action against those responsible if these steps are not followed. “
As it began its political development, Myanmar was praised by Western governments, including the Obama administration, as a democratic beacon in a world where authoritarianism was on the rise. But the political change in the South-East Asian nation was never as smooth or significant as the political fairy tale put an end to it.
The military, which in 2011, initiated a political shift towards what it called “confused-flourishing democracy”, ensured that it retained significant power for itself. A quarter of the Parliament is filled by men in military uniform. The major ministries are under the control of the army. And in the chaotic years of early democratization, the sale of state property fires often ended with military companies or their proxies capturing the best rewards.
In 2017, the military made its move. Brutal campaign against Rohingya, Forcing 750,000 members of the Muslim ethnic minority to flee to neighboring Bangladesh in the largest global outpourings of refugees in a generation. UN officials have stated that the mass burning of Rohingya villages, complete with systematic execution and rape, was done with genital intent.
President Biden’s administration is reviewing whether the US will officially label the campaign against the Rohingya massacre. Western countries, including the United States, have already slapped financial sanctions on some high-ranking officials trapped in violence against the Rohingya, including General Min Aung Hlang.
The latest upheaval was greatly aroused by concerns about fraud November Election, Which had enjoyed a larger landslide in the National League for Democracy than it had enjoyed five years earlier. The governing party won 396 of the 476 seats of parliament, while the army’s proxy party, the Union Solidarity and Development Party, managed just 33.
The Central Solidarity and Development Party cried as it did Political parties represented thousands of ethnic minorities. Those who had been disenfranchised shortly before the vote, because the areas where they lived, were in the grip of struggle for elections. Even Rohingya Muslims were unable to cast their ballots.
But some people in Myanmar believed that on Monday, the top national league’s trap for democracy officials was formed only because of concerns over electoral fraud. There is concern that there may be military intervention in October, when the vote was canceled in some ethnic minority areas.
“The ominous warning signs were in clear sight all along,” said Yu Khin Zaw Win, who runs a policy think tank in Yangon, Myanmar’s commercial capital.
A former political prisoner, Mr. Khin Zaw Win had been warning of a possible put for months. Even when the military increased its complaints against the National League for Democracy, the military’s negotiations with the civilian government came to an end.
“I would also say that this is a coup that could have been politically avoided,” Mr. Khin Zaw Win said, referring to the failed negotiations between military and civilian leaders after the November elections. “It does not come as a surprise. Not if it is, but it is a matter of when.
Exercising the military’s authority would prolong the power of General Min Aung Hling, who is to serve as army chief in the summer of this year. Their patronage network, focused on lucrative family businesses, may have been underestimated by their retirement, particularly as they were not able to secure a clean exit.
The coup came just two days after UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned against any provocation. In a statement late on Sunday, a spokesman for Mr. Guterres expressed “serious concern about the announcement of the transfer of all legislative, executive and judicial powers to the military.”
“These developments are a serious setback for democratic reforms in Myanmar,” the statement said.
In recent years, Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi, aged 75, was once celebrated as an international champion of human rights for her campaign of conscience against Janta during house arrest, the army’s largest public Emerged as one of the defenders. Despite the mountain of evidence against the military, he has publicly rejected It is alleged that the security force Waged a massacre campaign Against the Rohingya.
But with his national popularity ending, and his party receiving another electoral mandate, the generals began to lose patience with the façade of civil rule that they had designed.
Last week, an army spokesman denied the possibility of a coup, and General Min Aung Haling said the constitution could be scrapped if the law was broken. Armored vehicles appeared on the streets of the two cities, seeing residents unused to see such firepower through urban centers.
On Saturday, the military issued a move stating that as an armed organization, it was bound by law, including the Constitution. Another statement on Sunday said it was “about to follow democratic norms.”
After the November election, senior civilian government leaders staged a few hours before the inaugural session of Parliament began.
The country was discussed with rumors of a coup for several days, prompting several diplomatic missions, including the United States, to issue a statement on Friday.
The joint diplomatic statement said, “We oppose any attempt to change the election results or disrupt Myanmar’s democratic transformation.”
The military, with its own statement on Sunday, urged diplomatic missions in the country “not to make inappropriate assumptions about the situation.”
The first guns to chase a coup in Myanmar came in 1962 General Ne Win The overthrow of a fragile government, which had enjoyed less than a decade of independence from Britain. During the military’s 49-year direct grip on power, a country that was once the richest country in Asia was in crisis one day.
The army tried to justify the 1962 detachment as necessary to maintain the Union of Burma, as the country had then united in opposition to ethnic rebellion in the border areas. Minority groups, which make up about a third of the country’s population, faced widespread persecution during military rule. Children were forced to become victims of mines, and women were gang-raped.
But military-allied abuses were also directed against the Balmer ethnic majority. Thousands were jailed as political prisoners, and a fearsome military intelligence network convinced many people whether the walls, whether cement or bamboo, had eyes and ears to spy on them.
After the 1988 massacre of pro-democracy protesters, elections were held two years later. The National League for Democracy, the same political force now in power, won, but the results were ignored by the generals. A generation of politicians spent their major time in prison.
In 2015, the National League for Democracy again Won a spectacular election victory. This time, the military honored the results.
Even though Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi vowed to deal with the country Permanent ethnic conflict When he emerged from house arrest in 2010, violence intensified. The ethnic armies are engaged in an open war with the Myanmar army in the vast periphery of the country, as battles are fought for control over natural resources. Civilians are again caught in the crossfire.
And instead of holding Myanmar’s army responsible for its crime, Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi, the daughter of the murderous founder of the country’s modern army, has defended her soldiers. He too Argued in his defense at The Hague, Where Myanmar is accused in an international court of genocide against Rohingya Muslims.
A businessman north of Myanmar told Thar Hettet the turn of events on Monday.
He said, “Instead of helping the government for the sake of the people, I am very angry for people to threaten the army.” “They have committed a lot of crimes.”