Jan Mikral, a radical Swedish writer who gave birth to the liberal politics of his famous Nobel-winning parents and embraced communism, Marxism and Maoism, died on 30 October in Verburg, Sweden. He was 93.
His death was announced by Cecilia Servin, a former president of the Jan Madral Society, a group dedicated to preserving her extensive book collection.
Mr. Murdle traveled and wrote widely, specializing in Asia. He depicted life in a small Chinese village during the Cultural Revolution, and his writings expanded the virtues of authoritarianism. He put an end to the harmful effects of Western imperialism on developing countries.
But perhaps nothing happened in his career as a charismatic as he drew as much attention to the books written as expressing his disinterest for his parents, Gunnar and Alva Murdle. Elder mr myrdal Was an economist and sociologist who shared 1974 Nobel in Economic Sciences Frederick A. With von Hayek and wrote “An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy” (1944), a pioneering study of race.
But in January, his parents were cold, cruel and contemptible. He called her a “child of the problem” and left her with relatives (whom he liked) for extended periods during the trip.
In several autobiographical novels beginning with “Bachpan” (1982), Mr. Myraal has written that his father made fun of him for being overweight, asking him “are you going to give birth soon?” He said that his mother treated him like a research subject, which he said in a notebook.
Once, he remembered, Gunnar dropped his car into the ditch, causing Jan to fall out of the car and hurt his head. Bleeding and expecting sympathy, he told his father, “Don’t act silly.”
“Since then, I had a scar on my forehead: a triangle,” Mr. Myrdal told The Tampa Bay Times in 1992. “As if I was branded.”
At the age of 10, his feelings were not led to ask his father, “Am I your illegitimate son?” The question angered his father, who did not answer, slamming the door behind him.
Allegations against prominent Myrdals sparked a scandal in Sweden – not long before Mrs Myrdal was awarded the Nobel – and turned “childhood” into a best seller.
When excerpts from the book appeared in newspapers, he made headlines like “I have my mother and my father because they never love my love”.
Jan Myrdal was born in Stockholm on July 19, 1927 and moved to New York City in 1938 with his parents and younger sisters, Sisela and Kaj; His father was hired by the Carnegie Corporation to study racism in the United States.
Jan enjoyed living in Manhattan, where he attended private school and read with fascinating books about the French Revolution and the works of the Swedish writer August Strindberg.
But when his parents planned to return to Sweden in 1942, he became enraged. The pending move led to a fight with his father, who, he said, grabbed him by the neck, shook him vigorously and threw him to the floor.
At the age of 15, calling himself a Communist, Jan left his family, left school and began a long-lasting career as a writer, prodigy, and public intellectual.
He told United Press International in 1987, “I loved writing.” This meant that I had to break away from school and that type of education. This I knew from Strindberg and others. One had to be impossible from the start, bridges had to be broken. “
Mr. Murdle began writing books in the mid-1950s, but none attracted attention until he wrote “Report from a Chinese Village” (1965), which was based on a month, Which he spent in 1962 interviewing people of Liu Ling, a small, rural collection of man-made caves.
“In many ways, this is the book that everyone with an interest in China is waiting for, a book that describes what it’s like to live as a farmer through the Cultural Revolution,” Martin Bernal, a Chinese Are experts in political history, Written in The New York Review of Books. He praised the book for the candid stories told by the villagers.
Some of Mr Myrdal’s other foreign travel assignments and political commentary questioned his loyalties, or he was seen as sympathetic to authoritarian rulers.
In “Report from a Chinese Village” and in one of its series, “Return to a Chinese Village” (1984), they were seen as the brutality of the Cultural Revolution.
In 1970, after visiting Albania, while it was still ruled by dictator Enver Hoxha, Mr. Murdle published “Albania Defiant”. I am writing The New York Times Book Review, Journalist and author Anatole Shub wrote that the book, according to Hoxha, basically states in supernatural, dogmatic Marxist terms “and showed” unlimited appreciation “for Albanians and for the brand of socialism.
Then, in October 1979, he visited Cambodia soon after the dictator Pole pot Power was largely driven by Vietnam, but still controlled after running a reign of terror over parts of the country, killing nearly 7 million people in Cambodia. Mr. Myrdal met him a year ago, and Pol Pot signed Mr. Myrdal’s visa
After his visit, where he was helpless by a government official, Mr. Myrdal told The Times that he had not seen any terrible story. “
Mr. Miradal ceased his visit to Iran in 1990 by voicing his support Ayatollah Ruhullah Khomeini’s fatwa Muslims should kill the writer Salman Rushdie, for which Khomeini denounced Ish in the Rushdie novel “The Satanic Verses”. Mr Myrdal told a Swedish newspaper that the cleric’s order allowed the oppressed Muslim public in Europe to be part of the “struggle for their human dignity”.
Survivors of Mr. Mairal include his sisters, Sisela Bok, a moralist and philosopher, and Kaj Folster, a writer. Three of their four marriages ended in divorce. His third wife, Gun Cassell, whose photographs illustrated many of her husband’s books, died in 2007.
In 1967, after Mr Myrdal separated from his parents, police in Stockholm beat him with sticks and arrested him during the anti-Vietnam War.
Nevertheless, even in opposition to the United States on the streets of his hometown, he could not escape the scrutiny of his parents. His mother, who was then a cabinet minister, joined the government’s decision to deny the protesters a permit, and her father publicly criticized her son’s performance.
“He was crazy,” Jane Myrdal said of her father’s rebuke. “And six months ago, Alva said that we should stop looking at each other to avoid compromising our position.”