The coup returned the country to full military rule after a short period of quasi-democracy that began in 2011, when the military that had been in power since 1962 implemented parliamentary elections and other reforms.
What caused the military coup in Myanmar?
Parliament was scheduled this week to hold its first session since the nation’s November 8 election, with the National League for Democracy, the country’s leading civic party, winning 83 percent of the body’s available seats.
The military refused to accept the results of the vote, which was widely seen as a referendum on the popularity of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. The head of the NLD, Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi, is the de facto civic leader of the country since she took office in 2015.
The new parliament was expected to support the election results and approve the next government.
The possibility of a coup emerged in recent times. The army, which tried to argue in the country’s Supreme Court that the election results were fraudulent, threatened to “take action” and surrounded the houses of parliament with soldiers.
How was the coup?
The military on Monday detained cabinet ministers, chief ministers of several states, opposition politicians, writers and activists as well as leaders of the Governor NLD Party and Myanmar’s civilian leadership, including Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi and President Yoo Win Myint. .
The coup was effectively announced at the military-owned Myawadi TV station when a news presenter cited the 2008 constitution, which allows the military to declare a national emergency. He said that the state of emergency will last for one year.
According to reports, the military immediately seized control of the country’s infrastructure, suspended most television broadcasts and canceled all domestic and international flights.
Telephone and Internet access was suspended in major cities. Stock markets and commercial banks were closed and long lines were seen outside ATMs in some places. In Yangon, the country’s largest city and former capital, residents attended markets to stock up on food and other supplies.
Who is Aung San Suu Kyi?
Ms Aung San Suu Kyi came to power as a state councilor in 2016 after the country’s first fully democratic vote in decades.
His tenacity for leadership was seen as a pivotal moment in Myanmar’s transition, formerly known as Burma, from military dictatorship to democracy. Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi, daughter of the country’s independence hero General Aung San, was placed under house arrest for over 15 years.
His time in detention made him an international icon, and he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991.
Since his release, his reputation has been tarnished by association with the military and his vocal defense of the country Deadly campaign against Rohingya, A Muslim ethnic minority group. In 2019, she represented the country in a trial in the International Court of Justice, on which she Defended Myanmar Against allegations of ethnic cleansing.
Many believed that Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi’s cooperation with the military was a pragmatic move that would turn the country’s development into a full-fledged democracy, but her detention on Monday turned out to be a lie to the military’s commitment to democracy. Appeared for
Who is Senior General Min Ang Flying?
The army said it had delegated power to the army chief, Senior General Min Aung Hling.
The move increases the power of General Min Ang Hlaing, who is scheduled to be out as army chief this summer. His patronage network, focused on lucrative family businesses, may have been underestimated by his retirement, especially as he was not able to secure a clean exit.
Under the former power sharing agreement, General Min Aung Hling presided over two business circles and was able to appoint three key cabinet members who oversee the police and border guards.
The army never remained under the control of the civil government. In recent years, the military has campaigned against several ethnic minority groups in the country, including the Rohingya, the Shan and the Kokung, along with General Min Aung Helling.