Your Wednesday Briefing – The New York Times

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good morning.

We are covering Europe’s defense relationship After Trump, the rest of a temporary holiday with America Britain’s coronavirus ban And violent clearing A protest migrant camp in Paris.

After years of hostility to Europe, President Trump is leaving. But they are likely to go Old mold reopened Among major European allies over their relationship with the United States, there is considerable doubt that just a few months ago, more and more European ambition and a determined turn to integration looked like.

France and Germany in particular are loggerheads on the future of European defense and strategic autonomy, displaying the various concerns of the two countries central to the functioning of the European Union.

Analysis: NATO and the European Union are fundamental to Germany in a way that they are not for France, which maintains its own nuclear arsenal, explained Jana Pugelarin of the European Council on Foreign Relations. “Take them away from Germany and we feel naked,” she said.

Presidential Transition: President-Elect Joe Biden Introduced six members Their national security team said that together they would restore America as a global leader in combating terrorism, extremism, climate crisis and nuclear proliferation. “America is back,” he said.

Britons from three to six homes will be able to come together and celebrate from 23 December to 27 The plans were announced on Tuesday For a brief relaxation of rules designed to prevent the spread of coronaviruses. General restrictions will still apply in pubs and restaurants.

The decision, agreed by political leaders in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, means that people will be able to roam freely in the United Kingdom between these dates, whatever local restrictions apply. There will be an extra day at both ends for those going to or from Northern Ireland.

Public health experts warn The lifting of the ban could lead to a resurgence of cases in January and February.

French ban: Three weeks after announcing a second lockdown, President Emanuel Macron said on Tuesday that France had succeeded in thwarting the spike in new cases and Formulated a plan to ease restrictions.

Are here latest updates And Epidemic map.

In other events:

  • New research has convinced many scientists that An early mutation in the coronavirus made it more contagious Is more difficult. The mutation, known as 614G, was first spotted in East China in January and then spread through Europe and New York City, displacing other variants.

  • 6.4 million doses of Pfizer’s Kovid-19 vaccine will be shipped across the United States An initial push in mid-December After being given an expected emergency authorization.

  • The makers of a Russian vaccine said it was shown 95 percent efficacy rate In preliminary results from a clinical trial. This figure, however, was based on incomplete figures.

  • As scientists working with Kovid-19 worry about the rise of South Korea’s antivaskin movement Reaction to fight wrong information Can offer the world a model around the flu vaccine.

police Violently cleared a temporary migrant camp In central Paris, forcing people to evacuate from tents, chasing them on the streets and firing tear gas. Although police regularly clean up such camps, the violent evacuation of most Afghan migrants on Monday struck a nerve, sparking growing resentment over the government’s security policies.

The temporary decks, which included about 450 blue tents on the Place de la Republique, were in protest against the authorities’ failure to provide housing to more than 1,000 migrants, who were abandoned after 3,000 people wandered the streets last week . Camp in Saint-Denis, a suburb of Paris.

Official Comment: Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo, in a letter to the French interior minister, accused the police of “cruel and disrespectful use of force”. This came when Parliament voted on a bill on Tuesday, which would make it harder for journalists or moviegoers to understand what movie instances of police brutality are.

The coronovirus epidemic has complicated passage rites for Korean adopters who were brought overseas: Reunion with your birth parents. The government’s quarantine rules for foreign visitors led to many adopters canceling long-planned pilgrimages in South Korea.

Some, such as Mallory Guy, second from left in the photo above, still found a way to travel. The Times spoke to adoptive and born parents about the epidemic-era homecoming.

Shamima Begum: Formerly representing lawyers The London student who went to Syria in 2015 to join the Islamic State The British called on the Supreme Court to return to their country to defend themselves. The court did not believe he was in serious danger, he said on Tuesday.

Curb “period poverty”: One of the first in the world, the Scottish Parliament Unanimous vote Providing sanitary products to anyone in need, introducing the legal right to free access to tampons and sanitary pads in schools, colleges, universities and all other public buildings.

wall Street: Stocks reach record highs. The S&P 500 rose 1.6 percent, reaching a high earlier this month. The Dow Jones Industrial Average topped the 30,000 mark for the first time.

Uygar in China: Pope Francis Calls the ethnic group “persecuted” People in his upcoming book. Despite evidence of Beijing’s breakup over the Muslim minority group, Chinese authorities swiftly denied it.

Snapshot: Above, a third-floor corridor at the Vilina Velas Hotel in Visegrad, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The forest health resort promotes its medical waters and fine food, but staff members insist on anger at any time of its grueling past, when it was A rape and murder camp During the Balkan Wars of the 1990s run by a gang of Serb nationalists.

Lived: Lady Elizabeth Anson, “an indefinite party planner for the very rich, the very worthless, the very busy and those who simply don’t have a clue”, as she put it, including rock stars and royals, Died earlier this month At 79.

What we are reading: The Economist’s Package of articles explaining the power competition between China and America – and making a case for how the Biden administration should approach it. “This is an excellent overview of one of the world’s most important stories,” says David Leonhardt, who wrote The Morning.

the Cook: It’s hard not to love Cheese Bread Balls in Tomato Sauce, Which combines tomato sauce, melted cheese, bread balls and garlic. They are like a pizza, deconstructed.

do: Pretend you’re in Hawaii. With some easy to find items, you can Discover the state’s breathtaking biodiversity, Where are you

Read: For most of human history, the night sky was the best spectacle. In Three new books Invite you to stare at the stars.

Help us find something new. Thoughts on home What to read, cook, watch and do while remaining safe at home.

Preliminary analysis of the vaccine produced by the British-Swedish drugmaker and the University of Oxford showed that when the first dose was cut in half, it was 90 percent effective. In contrast, the combination of two full-dose shots led to just 62 percent efficacy. Our science journalists explain What lies behind those head-scratching results.

Why would that combination be more effective?

nobody knows. Researchers speculated that the lower first dose did a better job of promoting an improved immune response to reduce the experience of infection. But other factors, like the size and makeup of the groups that received different doses, may also be in play.

Why did the researchers test two different doses?

This was a lucky mistake. Researchers in Britain had meant to give volunteers the initial dose with full force, but they made a miscalculation and mistakenly gave it half the strength, Reuters reported. After the error was detected, the researchers gave each affected participant a full-strength booster shot a month later as planned.

More than 2,800 volunteers out of over 2300 participants received half-strength initial doses, the results of which were revealed on Monday. This is a very small number of participants on which to base superb efficacy – much less than in the tests of Pfizer and Moderna.

It is for this briefing. Join me tomorrow for more news.

– Natasha

Thank you
Theodore Kim and Jahan Singh provided a break from the news. You can reach natasha and team

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